A 3D-polar Coordinate Colour Representation Suitable for Image Analysis (bibtex)
by Allan Hanbury, Jean Serra
Abstract:
The processing and analysis of colour images has become an important area of study and application. The representation of the RGB colour space in 3D-polar coordinates (hue, saturation and brightness) can sometimes simplify this task by revealing characteristics not visible in the rectangular coordinate representation. The literature describes many such spaces (HLS, HSV, etc.), but many of them, having been developed for computer graphics applications, are unsuited to image processing and analysis tasks. We describe the flaws present in these colour spaces, and present three prerequisites for 3D-polar coordinate colour spaces well-suited to image processing and analysis. We then derive 3D-polar coordinate representations which satisfy the prerequisites, namely a space based on the L1-norm which has efficient linear transform functions to and from the RGB space; and an improved HLS (IHLS) space. The most important property of this latter space is a well-behaved saturation coordinate which, in contrast to commonly used ones, always has a small numerical value for near-achromatic colours, and is completely independent of the brightness function. Three applications taking advantage of the good properties of the IHLS space are described: the calculation of a saturation-weighted hue mean and of saturation-weighted hue histograms, and feature extraction using mathematical morphology.
Reference:
A 3D-polar Coordinate Colour Representation Suitable for Image Analysis (Allan Hanbury, Jean Serra), Technical report, PRIP, TU Wien, 2002.
Bibtex Entry:
@TechReport{Hanbury02a,
  author =	 "Allan Hanbury and Jean Serra",
  title =	 "A 3{D}-polar {C}oordinate {C}olour {R}epresentation
                  {S}uitable for {I}mage {A}nalysis",
  institution =	 "PRIP, TU Wien",
  number =	 "PRIP-TR-077",
  year =	 "2002",
  url =		 "ftp://ftp.prip.tuwien.ac.at/pub/publications/trs/tr77.pdf",
  abstract =	 "The processing and analysis of colour images has
                  become an important area of study and
                  application. The representation of the RGB colour
                  space in 3D-polar coordinates (hue, saturation and
                  brightness) can sometimes simplify this task by
                  revealing characteristics not visible in the
                  rectangular coordinate representation. The
                  literature describes many such spaces (HLS, HSV,
                  etc.), but many of them, having been developed for
                  computer graphics applications, are unsuited to
                  image processing and analysis tasks. We describe the
                  flaws present in these colour spaces, and present
                  three prerequisites for 3D-polar coordinate colour
                  spaces well-suited to image processing and
                  analysis. We then derive 3D-polar coordinate
                  representations which satisfy the prerequisites,
                  namely a space based on the L1-norm which has
                  efficient linear transform functions to and from the
                  RGB space; and an improved HLS (IHLS) space. The
                  most important property of this latter space is a
                  well-behaved saturation coordinate which, in
                  contrast to commonly used ones, always has a small
                  numerical value for near-achromatic colours, and is
                  completely independent of the brightness
                  function. Three applications taking advantage of the
                  good properties of the IHLS space are described: the
                  calculation of a saturation-weighted hue mean and of
                  saturation-weighted hue histograms, and feature
                  extraction using mathematical morphology.",
}
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